The meaning of Moses’ and Jesus’ commandments is quite simple.
Moses talks about being in awe of God and accepting His Will. He also talks about beeing detached from the outside world. About not making yourself a consumer, not being envious, nor greedy, not stealing and not killing. If you want to achieve something - don’t take it from your neighbour, make it yourself.
The Commandments are an instruction on retaining love, development and overcoming parasitic character traits.